The Republic of Albania is a small mountainous country in Southeast Europe on the Balkan Peninsula.
The country recorded a population of 2.846 million by 2019 and covers an area of 28,748 km2. The capital city is Tirana. It still maintains the Ottoman and Soviet age architecture. At the city centre is Skanderbeg Square named after Gjegj Kastrioti Skenderbeu.
The fortress at Krujë
The Italians invaded the country in 1939 but were forced out later in 1943 by the German soldiers. Germans also surrendered the rule to the communist in 1944 under the leadership of Enver Hoxha. He died in 1985. The rule of communist in Eastern Europe ended in 1989. Democratic Party won in 1991 and the first president Sali Berisha was elected in 1992.
The country’s culture is based on the geography and history of the country. It is also influenced by Ancient Greeks, Romans and the Ottomans.
The crops grown in the country include tobacco, figs, olives, sugar beets, grapes, wheat, maize, vegetables and potatoes. The most popular foods are veal stew, cabbage rolls and have Kosi, which is baked lamb served with rice and flavoured yoghurt sauce.
The wildlife animals found here include wolves, grizzly bears, lynxes, wild boars, foxes, deer and ibex.
Annual events/ celebrations/ festivals
Kala festival is conducted at Dhermi on Albanian Riviera.
National festival of urban folk songs is conducted for the performance of the folk songs in the country.
Korca beer festival is a five-day event conducted during mid-August.
Things to see
The “blue eye” is a natural water spring with clear blue water with river bubbles of over fifty meters depth.
Rozafa castle is on a rocky hill 130 m above sea level that is encircled by Buna and Drin Rivers.
The National history museum displays the cultural and heritage of the country.
The world-famous Mother Teresa was an Albanian and was the only one in the country to win the Nobel Prize.
The predominant religion is Islam.
The official language is Albanian.
Albania is bordered by Montenegro on the northwest, Kosovo on the northeast, North Macedonia on the east and Greece on the south. It also shares marine borders with Greece, Montenegro and Italy on the west.