Castle atop Mount Titano.
The country’s tradition says that it was founded in AD 301 by a Christian stonemason who sought refuge from the religious persecution on Mount Titano.
The first constitution which allowed a parliamentary government was formed in 1599.
The country hosted the refugees who fled from Italy during the Second World War.
It joined the United Nations in 1992.
Its culture is heavily dependent on the Romagna region of Italy.
The main crops grown in the country include grapes, olives and cereals.
The popular dishes are bean and bacon soup, chickpea and noodle soup, baked pasta and piada.
The main wildlife animals living in the country are weasels, otter, cross fox and rats.
Annual events/ celebrations/ festivals
The main celebrated events held in the country are Medieval Days, San Marino Ethnological Festival, Jazz Festival, San Marino’s Day on 3rd September and Christmas.
Things to see
There is the Guaita Tower, a peak overlooking the capital city together with De La Fratta and Montale.
There is also Monte Titano, which is a mountain that is the highest peak in the country.
People also visit the Palazzo Pubblico, a palace in Siena and it was built in 1297 to be the seat of the Republic of the government of Siena.
Other places to visit are Falesia Second Tower, Basilica of San Marino and Montale.
Italian is the country’s official language.
It is the oldest surviving republic in the world.
The citizens of this country are called Sammarinese.
The official religion is Catholicism.
It is entirely surrounded by Italy.