Congo (Brazzaville) Country Profile
Currency: Central African CFA Franc (XOF)
Travel Advice: Congo Travel Advice
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Vaccinations: Congo Vaccination Information
The Republic of Congo is located at west-central Africa, and straddles the equator. Its capital is Brazzaville.
The country is sparsely populated with the majority settling at cities. The city of Brazzaville is the most populated, and it is located it’s at the southeastern part of the country in inland port along the Congo River.
The Mighty Congo River
The land was dominated by Bantu tribes approximately 3,000 years ago who made trade links at the Congo River basin. This groups included Bakongo, Bateke and Sanga. In 1880, French explorer, Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, agreed with Bateke to institute a French protectorate at the north part of River. Afterwards, in 1910, the territory became a French Colony.
Congo Brazzaville gained its independence in 1960 with Fulbert Youlou as the first president. Mr Youlou was forced to resign in 1963 due to workers protest. Then Alphonse Massamba Debat became the president and Pascal Lissouba his prime minister. In 1997, a major civil war took place, supporters of Denis Sassou Nguesso helped by troops from Angola invaded Brazzaville and forced Lissouba to leave. After a peaceful conference in 2001, a new constitution was formed allowing presidential and parliamentary elections. President Denis Sassou Ngueso won the elections unopposed in 2002, he has been in power for almost 35 years.
As of 2018, Congo Brazzaville had a population of 5.244 million, the official language is French and the majority of the population are Christians.
The education system comprises of six years of primary education for students at age six and four and three years cycles for secondary level.
The most popular sport is football.
Their national dish is chicken in moambe sauce.
The Republic of Congo is bordered by Cameroon to the northwest, the Central African Republic to the north, DRC to the east and south, the Angolan exclave of Cabinda to the southwest and Gabon to the West. The country has a coastline of 160km along the Atlantic Ocean.
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