It is an island nation located in the Persian Gulf with 33 natural islands and 51 artificial ones. By 2018 it had a population of 1.569 million with an area of 717 km2.
The capital city, which is also the largest city, is Manama. The city is the country’s main port and is a major centre of trading at the Persian Gulf. Muharraq city is famous for the traditional buildings like Sheikh Isa Bin Ali House with a decorated panel and carved doors, Siyadi House and Arad Fort.
The King Fahd Causeway (24 km long) connects Bahrain and Saudi Arabia across the Persian Gulf.