It is an island nation located in the Persian Gulf with 33 natural islands and 51 artificial ones. By 2018 it had a population of 1.569 million with an area of 717 km2.
The capital city, which is also the largest city, is Manama. The city is the country’s main port and is a major centre of trading at the Persian Gulf. Muharraq city is famous for the traditional buildings like Sheikh Isa Bin Ali House with a decorated panel and carved doors, Siyadi House and Arad Fort.
The King Fahd Causeway (24 km long) connects Bahrain and Saudi Arabia across the Persian Gulf.
The country was ruled by Persian between 1603 and 1783. The British were in charge of Bahrain’s defence and foreign affairs in 1861. Bahrain gained independence in 1913 but remained under the administration of the British. It signed a treaty of friendship with Britain in 1971 when it received full independence with Sheikh Isa as the first Emir. Oil was discovered in the country at Jabal al-Dukhan in 1931.
The culture is mainly based upon the Islam heritage.
The crops majorly grown are alfalfa, dates, figs, mangos, pomegranates and papayas. Bahrain cuisine consists of dishes like Biryani, Machboos (fish and meat served with rice), Harees, Khabeesa and Qahwah as a beverage.
Annual events/ celebrations/ festivals
The most important festivals include the Eid ul Adha, Muharram, Independence day commemoration, Ramadan, Eid ul-Fitr and Milad al-Nabi.
When visiting mosques, restaurants and malls, cleanliness and decency is highly recommended, except when at the beach.
Wildlife animals are found at Al Areen Wildlife Park and Reserve. Some of the major animals include desert fox, desert hare, jerboa, golden jackal, snakes and Arabian oryx.
Things to see
The Bahrain National Museum exhibits artefacts which existed during the advancing of Dilmun.
Bab el-Bahrain souk at Manama city is a historic building where hand-woven clothing and food spices are sold.
Bahrain Fort is a place worth visiting too.
The best months to visit the country are November and February when it coolest. Ramadan season is not recommended for visiting as most places have restrictions going.
Bahrain is one of the largest world’s producers of oil and pearls.
Bahrain’s official language is Arabic, but English is also common.
Citizens of the country are called Bahraini.
The main religion is Islam and the most popular sport is association football, basketball, volleyball and handball.