Romania is a country situated at the juncture of Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe. Romania is the largest of the Balkan countries.
The country recorded a population of 19.41 million in 2019 and covers an area of 238,397 km2.
Bucharest is its capital and largest city. The city is sometimes referred to as little France due to the French influence on buildings. Its main landmark is the Palatul Parlamentului government building with 1,100rooms.
Other major cities include Cluj Napoca, Timisoara, Brasov and Sibiu.
Bucharest’s Parliamentary Palace, said to be the world’s third biggest building by volume was commissioned by former Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceausescu. (Above)
It got its independence from the Ottoman Empire between 1877 and 1878 as a result of siding with Russia in the Russo-Turkish War.
It also joined the First World War on the Allied side.
In 1941, it fought against Soviet Union siding with Germany but later changed side when the Soviet forces drew closer.
The country’s culture is grounded in its geography and historical evolution.
The main crops grown in the country are cereals, vegetables, sunflower, potatoes, sugar beets, soybeans and fruits.
The popular dishes trademark dishes, cabbage rolls, polenta, grilled minced meat rolls, beef tripe soup and honouring the pig.
The main wildlife animals living here include Eurasian lynx, golden jackal, grey wolf, brown bears, red fox and European wild cat.
Annual events/ celebrations/ festivals
The main celebrated events are the Great Union Day on 1st December, Romanian’s Folk Art Festival, Maiden’s Fair, the Traditional Crafts Fair, Bucharest of Old and Dance of the Prisiop.
Things to see
There is the Carpathian Mountains that are located in Central and Eastern Europe stretching from the Czech Republic to Romania.
There is also the Bran Castle, located in Bran, which is the national monument and landmark of Romania.
Also, there is the Peles Castle, a neo-renaissance castle located at the Carpathian Mountains in Prahova County.
Other must-visit places are the 15th century Curtea Veche Palace, Eastern Orthodox Stavropoleos, Sculptor Constantin Brancusi, Place of Parliament, Corvin’s Castle and Romanian Athenaeum.
Sapanta Peri Monastery is the tallest wooden church in Europe.
The Danube Delata is the best-preserved delta in Europe.
Majority of the population are Christians and the official language is Romanian.