The Kingdom of Ireland was part of the United Kingdom under the Act of Union in 1801.
Ireland left British and gained independence in 1949.
The country joined the European Economic Community in 1973.
The culture of the country consists of language, literature, music, art, folklore, horse racing and cuisine. It has been influenced by the culture of Anglo-Norman, English and Scott.
The main crops are maize, beans, peas, oilseed rape, beet, potatoes and cereals. The most popular dishes include Irish stew, bacon and cabbage, coddle, colcannon and ulster.
The wildlife species found here include red fox, European hedgehog, stoat, otter, badger, red deer, pine marten, hedgehog and pygmy shrew.
Annual events/ celebrations/ festivals
The most popular festivals are Fleadh Festival, Cork Jazz Festival, Dublin Writers Week, Galway Oyster Festival, Kilkenny Arts Festival and Galway Races.
Things to see
The Cliffs of Moher are sea cliffs at the Burren region in Clare County.
There is the Kilarney National Park, which is home to a variety of wildlife species.
There is also the Dublin Castle that is an Irish government complex and conference centre that has been in existence since the 13th century.
Other places to visit are the Grafton Street, Kilmainham Gaol, Glendalough and St Patrick’s Cathedral.
Irish is known as the origin of Guinness beer since it was first brewed in St. James’s Gate Brewery in Dublin in the year 1759.
Irish and English are the two official languages.
Majority of the Irish people are Roman Catholics.
Ireland is bordered by the United Kingdom. The Atlantic Ocean is on its west, the Celtic Sea on its south and the Irish Sea separated it from England on the east.