El Salvador – a country in Central America. It is the smallest and most densely populated of the seven Central American countries. The capital is San Salvador.
Its territory is situated wholly on the western side of the central America region, and it is therefore the only country that lacks a Caribbean coast.
Santa Ana Volcano.
Despite having little level land, it traditionally was an agricultural country, heavily dependent upon coffee exports. By the end of the 20th century, however, the service sector had come to dominate the economy.
From the late 1970s to the early 1990s, El Salvador was the focus of international attention, owing to its civil war and to external involvement in its internal conflicts. The war, which pitted a militarily and politically capable left-wing insurgency against the U.S.-backed Salvadoran Armed Forces, was caused by decades of repressive, military-dominated rule and profound social inequality.
Following the intervention by the United Nations the 1992 peace accords brought some calm, and contained fundamental provisions for El Salvador’s democratisation (including the removal of the military from political affairs), the country began to recover from years of political and economic turmoil, only to be devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998 and by a major earthquake in 2001.
Skyrocketing crime, faltering economic growth, and persistent social inequality have further hampered full post-war reconstruction.
The Pipil (descendants of the Aztecs), the predominant tribe in the region prior to the Spanish conquest, named their territory and capital Cuscatlán, meaning “Land of the Jewel”; the name is still sometimes used to describe the country today.
The mixing of the Pipil and other tribes with European settlers is reflected in the modern-day ethnic composition of the country. El Salvadorans are known for their industriousness, and the country has produced several internationally acclaimed artists, including poet Roque Dalton.