The Republic of El Salvador is a country located in Central America. It is the smallest and most densely populated in the continent.
The country recorded a population of 6.421 million in 2018 and covers an area of 21,041 km2.
Its capital, which is also the largest city, is San Salvador. It is situated on the Ace Chaute River at Hammocks Valley.
Other urban centres are Ilopango, Apopa, Antiguo Cuscatlan and Ciudad Delgado.
Santa Ana Volcano.
It was under Spain between 1540 and 1821 when it received its independence in 1821.
Salvadorian culture is based on Native American culture.
The major crops grown here include coffee, sugar, corn, rice, beans, oilseeds and sorghum.
The most common dishes are papusas, temales, pastels, French fries, sandwich, Empanadas de Leche and Sopa de Pata.
The common wildlife animals include butterflies, quetzals, toucans, herons, hummingbirds, parakeets, sandpipers and sea turtles.
Annual events/ celebrations/ festivals
The most common national events are Independence Day, San Miguel Carnival, Holy Week, Palm Festival, August Festival and Balls of the Fire Festival.
Things to see
Lake Coatepeque is a broad crater lake encompassed by wooden hills in western Salvador.
Joya de Ceren is an archaeological site in El Salvador where a pre-Colombian Maya farming village is located.
Santa Ana Volcano is a massive stratovolcano, with a height of 2,381 m above sea level and situated at El Salvador.
Other must visit places are El Tazumal, Cerro Verde National Park and San Salvador Volcano.
It is the smallest country by area in Central America and the most densely populated.
It is the only country in Central America without a coastline on the Caribbean Sea.
It is called the land of volcanoes for it has 20 of them within its territories and 2 of them are presently active.