Since 1914 the 51-mile- (82-km-) long canal, above, which connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, has afforded a long-sought shortcut for shipping and assures the country’s standing as one of the most strategic transportation hubs of the world.
It became a Spanish vive-royalty of New Andalucia in 1519.
The country later got its independence from Spain in 1821 and it joined the confederation of Gran Colombia. After the collapse of the confederation in 1830, the country became fully independent.
It, however, gained full independent from Colombia in 1903.
The country’s culture is a mixture of African, American, Indian and Spanish cultures.
The main crops grown here are coffee, bananas, cocoa beans, coconuts, rice, soybeans, potatoes and sugar cane.
The most popular dishes are ceviche, patacones, sancocho and temales.
Common wildlife animals are jaguarondi, margays, green iguanas, tapirs, monkey species, ocelots, pumas and anteaters.
Annual events/ celebrations/ festivals
The most common events held in the country are Carnivals, Panama Jazz Festival, Pollera Festivals, Boquete Coffee and Flower Festival and, Feria del Mar.
Things to see
San Blas Islands is an archipelago that is composed of around 365 islands and cays and 49 of them are inhabited.
Panama Viejo is the remaining section of the original Panama City which was the former capital city.
Soberania National Park is located at the banks of the Panama Canal with a variety of wildlife species.
Other must visit places are Miraflores Locks, Taboga Island and Volcan Baru.
The country has a beautiful scene of the sun rising at the Pacific Ocean and setting on the Atlantic Ocean.
It was the first Latin American country that adopted the US currency as its own.
It was the first country where coca-cola was sold, outside the US.
It is bordered on the west by Costa Rica, on the southeast by Colombia, on the north by the Caribbean Sea and the south by the Pacific Ocean.