The Republic of Iceland is a Nordic island nation located at North Atlantic. It is the most sparsely populated country in Europe. It is a volcanic and geologically active country with hot springs and lava fields. It is widely called “the land of fire and ice.” Within the country is a sand and lava field plateau, mountains and glaciers.
The country recorded a population of 364,134 in 2020 and covers an area of 103,000 km2.
Its capital and largest city is Reykjavik. It is the nethermost capital city in the whole world.
Pictured above, the capital, Reykjavík (“Bay of Smokes”)
The country became a self-governing country in 1918 under the Danish rule. The British forced invaded Iceland in 1940.
The United States intervened in the defence of Iceland in 1941. Iceland had signed a Union Treaty with Denmark which ran out in 1943 since Denmark was still occupied by Nazi Germany.
Iceland abolished their ties with Denmark in 1944 and became a republic.
It joined NATO in 1944.
The country’s culture has existed since the 12th century. It is demonstrated through activities such as weaving, smith of silver and wood carving.
The crops grown in the country include hay, potatoes, cucumber, strawberries, cauliflower, rutabaga and cereals.
The popular dishes in the country are skyr, lamb, fermented shark, hot dogs and puffin.
Common wildlife animals include Arctic fox, mink, mice, rats, wasps, snakes, reindeer and polar bears.
Annual events/ celebrations/ festivals
The main events/festivals in the country are the Budapest International Circus Festival, the Hungarian Formula 1 Grand Prix, the Budapest Spring Music Festival, the Valley of Magic Festival, the Danube Carnival, the Koros Valley Folk Arts Festival, and the Budapest National Gallop.
Things to see
The Blue Lagoon is a geothermal spa in a lava field at the southwest part of the country.
The Northern lights are experienced in Iceland from mid-August to mid-April.
The Great Geysir in the country was the first one in the world to be described through print and the first recognized in modern Europe.
Other must visit places are Askja, Thorsmork National Park, Vatnajokull Nationala Park and Hallgrimskirja.
The country has some of the most active volcanoes in the world with large glaciers. The volcanoes are unique foe one can walk inside the chambers.
Reykjavik is the northernmost capital city in the world.
The official language is Icelandic.
Majority of the population in Iceland are members of Lutheran State Church.
Iceland is an island northwest of the UK and Norway. Its neighbouring counties are Greenland, Faroe Islands, Sweden, Scotland and Ireland.