Croatia, located in the northwestern part of the Balkan Peninsula. It is a small yet highly geographically diverse crescent-shaped country.
Its capital is Zagreb, located in the north.
The Capital, Zagreb
Zagreb, is distinguished by its 18th- and 19th-century Austro-Hungarian architecture. Within the center, Upper Town is the site of the Gothic, twin-spired Zagreb Cathedral and 13th-century St. Mark’s Church, with a colourfully tiled roof.
The present-day republic is composed of the historically Croatian regions of Croatia-Slavonia (located in the upper arm of the country), Istria (centred on the Istrian Peninsula on the northern Adriatic coast), and Dalmatia (corresponding to the coastal strip). Although these regions were ruled for centuries by various foreign powers, they remained firmly Western-oriented in culture, acquiring a legacy of Roman law, the Latin alphabet, and western European political and economic traditions and institutions.
A part of Yugoslavia for much of the 20th century, the country suffered considerably from the disintegration of that federation in the early 1990s. The European trajectory was finally realised in 2013 when it joined the European Union (EU).
The upper arm of the Croatian crescent is bordered on the east by the Vojvodina region of Serbia and on the north by Hungary and Slovenia. The body of the crescent forms a long coastal strip along the Adriatic Sea, and the southern tip touches on Montenegro. Within the hollow of the crescent, it shares a long border with Bosnia and Herzegovina, which actually severs a part of southern Croatia from the rest of the country by penetrating to the Adriatic in a narrow corridor.