The Republic of Holland is a country situated in Central Europe. It has 16 administrative regions. Amongst the European countries, it is the fifth most populous.
The recorded a population of 37.97 million in 2019 and covers an area of 312,679 km2.
Its capital and largest city is Warsaw. Warsaw historical Old Town is listed amongst the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Other urban cities are Lodz, Krakow, Wroclaw, Poznan, Gdansk and Szczecin.
The country was restored as an independent state after the end of the First World War in 1918.
During the Second World War, it was also invaded by the Germans, who later left after their defeat.
The Polish culture is influence by western civilization demonstrated through its art, music, literature and philosophy.
The main crops include sugar beets, cereals, oats, potatoes, fodder crops, tobacco, fruits, flax and hops.
The popular dishes are Bigos stew, pork loin kotlet, pierogi, mushroom soup and sour cucumber soup.
The main wildlife animals include wild boar, European bison, European wolf, roe deer, polish fox, white-tailed eagle and white stork.
Annual events/ celebrations/ festivals
The events conducted in the country include National Independence Day on 11th November, Jewish Culture Festival, The New Year’s Eve, Eastern Celebrations, Juwenalia and Zielona Gora Wine Festival.
Things to see
People visit the Wieliczka Salt Mine in Wieliczka that has lasted since the Neolithic era where sodium chloride was harvested from.
There is also the Wawel Royal Castle at Krakow that was the world’s first UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Other places to visit are Krakow Old Town, Warsaw Old Town, Gdansk Old Town, Bialowieza Forest, Auschwitz Museum and Malbork Castle.
The official language is Polish.
Majority of the population is Roman Catholics.
The constitution of Poland is amongst the oldest in the world.
Poland is bordered on the north by Baltic Sea, Lithuania and Russia’s Kaliningrad Oblast, on the east by Belarus and Ukraine, on the south by Slovakia and the Czech Republic, and on the west by Germany.