The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is known as the heart of Europe due to its geographical position.
The country recorded a population of 10.69 million and covers an area of 78,866 km2.
Its capital and largest city is Prague.
Other major cities in the country are Brno, Ostrava, Olomouc and Pilsen.
Prague city has colourful buildings, the primitive astronomical clock and Gothic churches.
Brno city is the second-largest city and it has modern buildings such as restored Villa Tugendhat.
Czech and Slovacks joined together in 1918 to form the independent republic of Czechoslovakia.
It was formally under the Soviets before they withdrew from the country in 1991.
It joined NATO in 1999 and 2004.
The country’s culture is distinct because of the influences of the neighbouring counties.
The major crops grown in the country are barley, sugar beets, maize, hops, rapeseed, fruit and potatoes.
People there are known for eating mushrooms.
The most common wildlife animals here include bears, wolves, lynx, wildcats, martens, martens and minks.
Annual events/ celebrations/ festivals
The major festivals in the country are Ostrava, rock festival, summer Shakespeare, Karlovy Vary international festival and harvest festival.
Things to see
There is the Prague historic centre, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Also, there is the Prague Castle, built during the 9th century and is the official seat of the country’s president. It was the former seat of kings of Bohemia, Holy Roman emperors and Czechoslovakia presidents
Other major tourist attraction sites are Charles Bridge, Prague’s Old Town Square and Wenceslas Square and Cesky Krumlov Castle.
The republic consumes the most beer per capita in the world.
The official language is Czech.
Majority of the population are Christians.