China is located in East Asia. It is the most populated country in the world. By 2018 it had recorded a population of 1.393 billion covering an area of 9.597 million km2.
The capital city is Beijing but there are other historic capitals like Nanjing, Luoyang and Xian. Shanghai is the world’s most populated city, it has a large population and most of the largest companies are situated here. It is also known for its skyscrapers. Beijing is famous for its modern architecture and ancient places like grand Forbidden City complex and the imperial palace of Ming and Qing Empire. One of the most beautiful water towns in China is Zhouzhuang.
Great Wall Of China
The Chinese land united during the reign of Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, between 221 and 206 BC. It was recorded as the second-largest economy in the world after the US.
The staple foods in China include rice, noodles and animal meat such as pork, beef, mutton, pigeon and many others. The national fruit is kiwi fruit followed by jujube.
The variety of wildlife found in China includes the giant panda, gibbons, macaques, lories, grey langurs, Indochinese leopard, snakes, crocodiles and leaf monkeys in the Bawangling National Nature Reserve and Qomolangma National Nature Preserve.
Water’s edge view of the Shanghai financial district and Huangpu River, China
Annual events/ celebrations/ festivals
China celebrates events like the New Year on 1st January, the Spring Festival which is the Chinese New Year, The tomb-sweeping day and dragon boat festival.
Things to see
China has the longest wall called ‘the Great Wall of China’ and the largest ancient palace in the world.
The country records the highest stockpile of figurines aged 2,000 years in the world.
Other must-visit sites include the Terracotta Warriors, Karst Mountains in Yangshuo and Hangzhou.
The best months to visit China are from March to May and September to October.
Huangpu district in Shanghai at night.
China is the country with the highest population in the world.
China official language is Standard Chinese mostly called Mandarin.
There is freedom of belief in China but the major religions are Taoism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity.
The education system comprises of three years of kindergarten, six years of primary school, and three to six years of middle school followed by higher education. The most popular sport is football.
China is the largest producer of rice in the world.
China, as well as Russia, has the highest number of countries bordering with it, which is 14. It is bordered to the north by Mongolia; North Korea and Russia to the northeast; Laos, Vietnam, India, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal and Bhutan to the south; Pakistan to the southwest; and the west by Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and Kazakhstan. It is also separated by the Yellow Sea from South Korea and Japan, and by the South China Sea from the Philippines.