The country was sighted by a British navigator called Captain John Fearn and named it the Pleasant Island.
It was later seized by Germany as part of the Marshall Islands Protectorate.
Nauru gained independence in 1968.
It has maintained its old traditions and customs with very little influence by the European culture because of its isolation.
The main crops in the land are coconut palms, bananas, pandanus, pineapple and vegetables.
The most common dishes are seafood dishes, French fies, hamburgers, pizza, Chinese food and fish.
Common wildlife animals found in the country are sea animals, various bird species, hogs and poultry.
Annual events/ celebrations/ festivals
The events held in the country are Independence Day, New Year’s Day, Good Friday and Easter Monday.
Things to see
Anuare Bay is large by in Anibare District of Nauru.
Command Ridge is the highest point in the country with a height of 65 m.
Buada Lagoon is a freshwater lake in Buada District of Nauru.
Other must-visit places are Moqua Well, Central Plateau and Nauru Museum.
Nauru is the third smallest country in the world after Vatican City and Monaco.
The country’s population is the second smallest in the world after Vatican City.
It is considered the fattest country in the world with an average BMI of 34 to 35.
It is the smallest island country in the world.
The country has no armed forces.
Phosphate on the island was discovered by the British in 1900.
It is a neighbour to Banaba Island and Kiribati on the east. It lies on the northwest of Tuvalu, northeast of Solomon Islands, east northeast of Papua New Guinea, southeast of Federated States of Micronesia and south of Marshall Islands.