Christopher Columbus arrived in the country in 1492 and named it Hispaniola meaning little Spain.
Later, Spain surrendered A part of the country, the Hispaniola Island to France in 1795.
A revolt against Spanish rule was conducted leading to independence in 1821. It gained full independence in 1844 and was given its current name.
Its culture is based on European, African and Taino culture.
The main crops grown here include coffee, cocoa, bananas, mangoes, sugar, lemons and oranges.
The most popular dishes are meat stew, plantain mash, white rice, stewed bean, green salad and braised chicken.
Common wildlife animals include dwarf gecko, rhinoceros iguana, frogs, snakes and Hispaniolan Solenodon.
Annual events/ celebrations/ festivals
The carnival is held in February.
Dominican Republic Jazz Festival is held in November.
The Independence Day id held in February.
Things to see
Los Haitises National Park is situated at the northeast region of the country comprising of limestone karst plateau, sinkholes and caverns.
Altos de Chavon is a tourist attraction in La Romana with an archaeological museum, amphitheatre and it’s a cultural centre.
Other must-visit places are Isla Catalina Island, Casa de Campo Resort and Villas, Altos de Chavon and 27 Waterfalls.
The country is the second-largest nation of the Antilles after Cuba.
It is bordered on the west by Haiti and shares maritime borders with the Caribbean Sea on the south and the Atlantic Ocean on the north.