Antigua & Barbuda Country Profile
Capital: Saint John’s
Currency: East Caribbean Dollar (XCD)
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Antigua and Barbuda is an independent state situated between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. It comprises of two major islands; Antigua and Barbuda 39 miles apart, and other smaller islands such as Great Bird, Green, Guiana, Long, Maiden, Prickly Pear, Redonda and York Islands.
The country recorded a population of 96,286 in 2018 and covers an area of 440 km2.
Its capital and largest city is Saint John’s. It is also the principal port in the country.
The largest town in Barbuda is Codrington while other towns are Bolands, Piggotts and Potters Village.
Beach Views Around The Islands
It was named by Christopher Columbus who went to the country in 1493. It was named after the Church of Santa Maria de la Antigua in Seville Spain.
Later, English explorers from Saint Kitts colonized the country in 1632.
Then, it became an independent state in 1967 within the British Commonwealth, although the defence control and foreign affairs were still under the control of Britain. It gained full independence in 1981.
The country’s culture is influenced by the British colonists and Africans who were in the country as slaves.
The crops grown include cotton, bananas, coconuts, fruits, cucumbers, mango and sugarcane.
The common foods are fungie, ducana, seasoned rice, lobster and saltfish.
The animals living in the country are such as Antiguan racer, donkeys and lizards.
Annual events/ celebrations/ festivals
Independence Day is celebrated on 1st November.
Antigua Carnival is conducted at the end of July to celebrate the end of slavery.
Other common festivals are Wadadi Day, A & B International Kite Festival and the annual Seafood Festival.
Things to see
Nelson’s Dockyard listed in UNESCO World Heritage Site is a cultural heritage site of the country.
Dickenson Bay is a secluded beach in Antigua with white beaches and calm seas.
Other must-visit places are Long Island, Fort James and Darkwood Beach.
Redonda Island of the country is wholly a national park.
The most popular sport in the country is cricket.
The official language is English.
Antigua and Barbuda share marine borders with Saint Kitts and Nevis, Anguilla, Dominica, Saint Barthelemy and Montserrat.
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