The Republic of Armenia is a landlocked country at South Caucasus area. Being the first country to adopt Christianity as the state religion, it has one of the most beautiful churches in the world. It also has the oldest Christian civilizations like the Greco Roman Temple of Garni, Etchmiadzin Cathedral and Khor Virap Monastery.
The country recorded a population of 2.965 million in 2019 and covers an area of 29,743 km2.
The capital city is Yerevan and it is one of the oldest cities in the world and it still maintains the Soviet-era architecture. It has the Matenadaran library, which preserves the ancient Greek and Armenian manuscripts.
The second-largest city is Gyumri, which is the administrative centre of Shirak Province at northwest Armenia.
The Capital, Yerevan, with Mount Ararat in the background.
It was under the Ottoman rule but became independent after the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I.
It was integrated into the Soviet Union in 1922 but later pulled out of Soviet Union in 1991.
The culture is demonstrated through the flavours, arts, lifestyle and literature.
The crops grown in the country include wheat, barley, grapes and potatoes.
Wildlife animals found here include wild boars, porcupines, snakes, Caucasian bear and bearded goat and Armenian leopard.
Annual events/ celebrations/ festivals
The major festivals include the Yerevan jazz day, Dolma festival, Rafting festival, haybuys festival and Bread in the Mountains festival.
Things to see
History Museum of Armenia preserves the country’s archaeological objects and the country’s cultural heritage.
There is the Garni Temple is the sole Greco-Roman building in Armenia which symbolizes pre-Christian Armenia.
There is also Lake Seven, a high-altitude lake with large beaches.
There is also the Geghard Monastery is at Kotayk Province which is surrounded by cliffs. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site with protection.
The Kingdom of Armenia was the first to adopt Christianity as a state religion in the world in 301 AD.
The world’s first Church was built here.
The country is home to some of the world best artists, singers and composers like Kim Kardashian, the band system of a down and Garry Kasparov.
The official language is Armenian.