Umayyad Mosque, Damascus.
Damascus was under the Ottoman Empire ruled for many years until 1918, when the Arab and British soldiers invaded.
It received independence in 1946.
Together with other Arab countries, Egypt and Jordan, they fought Israel a few years after the state of Israel was formed for six days in 1967.
Its culture is influenced by Islamic culture.
The major crops grown here are wheat, barley, olives, sugar beets and cotton.
The most common wildlife animals includes caracal, jungle cat, sand cat, hedgehog, gazelle, derr, and eagles.
Annual events/ celebrations/ festivals
The Independence Day is celebrated in April.
Cotton Festival is celebrated in July for Aleppo to show what it offers in the country.
Eid ul-Fitr is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan.
Things to see
The Umayyad Mosque is one of the oldest and largest mosques in the world in the old city of Damascus.
There is the Krak des Chevaliers that was a Crusader castle and it is among the most preserved medieval castles worldwide and with free entrance.
Apamea city is an ancient city on Orontes River inhabited by Greeks and Romans with very old architecture.
At the north of the country, there is the Citadel of Aleppo, which is a large medieval secured palace.
The oldest city in the world is Damascus in Syria with evidence of habitation aged 11,000 years.
The major religion in Syria is Sunni Islam but there is freedom of religion.
The official language is Arabic.
Syria is bordered by Turkey on the north, Iraq on the east, Jordan on the south, the Mediterranean Sea on the west and the southwest by Israel and Lebanon.