The Islamic Republic of Iran also known as Persia is located in western Asia. At 2018 it recorded a population of 81.8 million and covers an area of 1.648 million km2.
It is the second-largest country in the Middle East.
Its capital city is Tehran and it is the country’s main cultural, economic and political centre.
Damavand Stratovolcano, Iran
Iran was colonised by both the British and Russian in 1941 during the Second World War. It became a republic on 1st April 1979.
It fought a war with Iraq between 1980 to 1988.
The culture here is influenced by the Islam religion, which extends to regions like Italy, Macedonia and Russia.
The staple and most popular food is rice over stew and cheese.
Its major exports are oil and natural gas.
The wildlife includes flora and fauna with a variety of animal species like wild pigs, wolves, jackals, bears, gazelles, foxes, scorpions, snakes and panthers. Cheetahs which are rare to find are also found here.
Annual events/ celebrations/ festivals
The major celebrated holidays include Iranian New Year which begins on 21st March, Sizdah is dar which is the Nature Day, Jashn-e-Mehregan which is the fire day, Jashn-e-Tirgan which is the water day and many others.
Things to see
The National Museum of Iran contains artefacts that existed during Paleolithic ages.
The Qajar monarchs’ jewels are maintained in the National Jewelry Museum.
At the centre of Tehran city is the Golestan Palace complex with decorated rooms and a marble throne used during the Qajar Empire.
The capital city, Tehran, Iran
The country is famous for beautiful poetry, flourishing gardens and splendid mats. The word paradise is derived from a Persian word which means an enclosed garden.
The official language of in the country is Persian.
Education comprises of compulsory six years of primary education beginning age six and secondary education from age twelve to eighteen.
Iran is bordered on the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, on the north by the Caspian Sea, on the northwest by Armenia and Azerbaijan, on the northeast by Turkmenistan; it is neighbored on the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan and the west by Turkey and Iraq.