The regions around India were ruled by the British until 1947. There was a war of nine months with Pakistan where the Bengali residents were helped by Indians. This resulted in independence in 1971. First parliamentary elections were held in 1973 where Awami League won. The second ones in 1979 were won by army Chief Ziaur Rahman, who was later killed in 1981.
Bangladesh culture is related to that of the Bengal region. It is evident through the architecture, dances, painting and clothing at the region.
Agriculture is the major source of livelihood in Bangladesh. The crops which are majorly grown are jute, rice, maize, sugarcane and wheat.
The main staple food in Bangladesh is rice, fish curry and lentil.
Bangladesh national animal is Bengal tiger. Other animals found in the country are Indian leopard and Asiatic black bears at the Chittagong Hill Tracts, Hoolock gibbon and Asian elephant and Dugong.
Annual events/ celebrations/ festivals
The major festivals celebrated nationwide include Eid ul-Adha, Chand Raat and Eid ul-Fitr practised by Muslims, Janmashtami and Durga Puja by Hindus, Budhha Purnima by Buddhist and Christmas by Christians.
Things to see
Bangladesh tourist sites include Mughai old town, Ahsan Manzil Museum, historical monuments, and resorts, beaches for skiing and sea bathing.
The country also has beautiful hills, rivers and the Sundarban world’s most beautiful mangrove forest.
The Chittagong Hill Tracts has beautiful forests and has vast wild animals.
Sundarban is the largest mangrove forest in the world.
Bangladesh national language is Bengali.
The major religions in the country are Hinduism, Buddhism and Islam.
The most popular sport is cricket followed by kabaddi.
Bangladesh is bordered on the west, north and east by India, on the southeast by Myanmar and the south by the Bay of Bengal.